Motivation:

Can Coach Sandy Motivate You?

Part I:Definitions

Motivation:
(an internal state that induces behavior)

Energy For Behavior

Incentives:

Motive:

Motivation††††††††††† Behavior

To Be Motivated:

Needs: Primary and Secondary

Maslowís Hierarchy of Needs†††††††††††††††††††††††††††
†††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† (Maslow, 1987)

Four Basic Needs:

Instinct:

Drive:

Impulse:

Desire:

Part II:Theories

Achievement Theory of Motivation

Cont.
Achievement Theory of Motivation

Cont.
Achievement Theory of Motivation

Cont.
Achievement Theory of Motivation
TAT: Thematic Apperception Test

Slide 22

Cont.
Achievement Theory of Motivation

Cont.
Achievement Theory of Motivation

Cont.
Achievement Theory of Motivation

Cont.
Achievement Theory of Motivation
††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† (Atkinson, 1957)

Need for Affiliation

Need for Power

Cannonís Theory of Arousal

Cont.
Cannonís Theory of Arousal

Cont.
Cannonís Theory of Arousal

Cont.
Cannonís Theory of Arousal

Barkleyís Hybrid Model (Barkley, 1997)
of Executive Functions

Recent Findings:

††††††† Hullís Drive Theory†† (Hull, 1952)

Cont.
Hullís Drive Theory

Internal & External Motivation

††††† Lewinís Field Theory (Lewin, 1936)

Cont.
Lewinís Field Theory

Cont.
Lewinís Field Theory

Cont.
Lewinís Field Theory

Eysenckís Theory
††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† (Eysenck, 1967,1990)

Big Five Model of Personality
†††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† (McCrea, & Costa, 1987)


Eysenck†††††††††††† Big Five


Alternative 5††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† (Zuckerman, Kuhlman,Thornquist, & Kiers, 1991)

Research:

Recent Findings:

James-Langís Theory

Cognitive Arousal Theory†††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††
†††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† (Mandler, 1984; & Schachter, & Singer, 1962)

Emotional/Cognitive
Arousal

Optimum Level of
Stimulation Theory††††††††† (Zuckerman, 1988)

Sensation Seeking Scale (Zuckerman,1994)

Part III

Transtheoretical Model of Change (TTM)†††††††††††††††††††† (DiClemete, & Velasquez, 2002)

Cont.
TTM

↑ Motivation:

↑ Motivation:

Cont.
TTM

Cont.
TTM

Cont.
TTM

Cont.
TTM

Can Coach Sandy Motivate You?

Thank You All For ComingÖ